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  • The Trend of Postponement of Debt Payment Obligations (PKPU) Cases in Q3/2023

Nov 14, 2023

The Trend of Postponement of Debt Payment Obligations (PKPU) Cases in Q3/2023

The trend of postponement of debt payment obligations (PKPU) cases in Indonesia in Q3/2023 is a major concern in the economic and legal realm. As business dynamics continue to develop, there are a number of challenges that affect local debtors and creditors.

The trend of postponement of debt payment obligations (PKPU) cases in Indonesia in Q3/2023 is a major concern in the economic and legal realm. As business dynamics continue to develop, there are a number of challenges that affect local debtors and creditors. The Q3/2023 recorded a significant development in the number of PKPU cases which raised various economic and legal issues that needed to be addressed. In this context, this article will explore the factors that influence the trend of PKPU cases, their implications for the economy, and the steps taken to deal with this situation.


The trend of total PKPU cases per quarter provides a picture that reflects the dynamics of the Indonesian economy and law. In the context of the current PKPU issue, it is clear that the growth in PKPU cases is not just a short-lived phenomenon, but a trend that needs to be looked at in depth. The increase in the number of PKPU cases per quarter illustrates the economic uncertainty that still affects many individuals and companies amidst various policy changes and global challenges. By looking at the data in the table, we can conclude that the current PKPU issue is a reflection of economic and legal complexity which needs to continue to be monitored and responded to wisely to maintain national economic stability and legal justice.


Most of the PKPU cases in Q3/2023 are related to bankruptcy proceedings and delays in debt payment obligations. In percentage terms, almost 88% of PKPU cases are cases that require resolution through the bankruptcy process and postponement of debt payments, while only around 12% are cases that require a bankruptcy declaration. This reflects the economic challenges faced by various parties, which tend to lead to efforts to extend debt repayment periods or avoid immediate bankruptcy.


Based on the data in the table, there are fluctuations in the number of PKPU cases per month during the observed period. In April 2023, there was a significant decrease in the number of PKPU cases. After that, the number of cases increased again and reached its highest peak in July 2023, with 82 cases. In conclusion, the data shows that PKPU cases had significant fluctuations during the observation period, with a sharp decline in April followed by an increase in the following months. This indicates vulnerabilities and uncertainties in financial and legal matters that need to be monitored closely to understand the factors influencing changes in the number of PKPU cases.

Total PKPU Quartery (Region)

Central Jakarta and Surabaya recorded a significant number of PKPU cases, indicating economic challenges in these two regions. Meanwhile, Semarang has a relatively low and stable number of cases, Medan has experienced fluctuations with an increase in the last quarter, and Makassar, despite having fewer cases, has experienced significant fluctuations especially in the second quarter. This data reflects the diverse economic situation in various regions, with Central Jakarta and Surabaya requiring special attention in dealing with debt and financial problems.


Percentage of Companies Involved Based on Their Business Sector in the Third Quarter of 2023

The image above shows the various economic sectors involved in the PKPU case during that period. In conclusion, we can see that there are various challenges faced by different sectors. The property and construction industry accounts for a significant percentage, indicating continued problems in this sector. In addition, the "Individuals" sector also recorded a high number of cases. The diversity in PKPU cases can be seen from the many other sectors that only have a low percentage or only one case. Overall, these data demonstrate the need for attention to specific sectors in addressing financial issues and promoting broader economic stability.


The construction industry in Indonesia has long been the backbone of the country's economic development. Although it provides many opportunities and jobs, this sector also has major challenges that can lead to debt repayment delays and legal problems.

Data shows that in Q3/2023, the construction sector in Indonesia experienced lot of cases and attract quite a lot of attention. In Q1 and Q2/2023, there were 18 cases and 16 PKPU cases recorded. However, in Q3/2023, PKPU cases in this sector increased to 21 cases. The postponement of debt payment obligations in the sector are a major concern, with many construction companies facing serious financial pressure. The decline in new orders and general economic uncertainty also played a role in the increase in PKPU cases in this sector.

At the same time, there are increasing concerns about external pressure and sentiment that could limit national economic recovery. Like it or not, the government will certainly rely on and strive for a conducive situation and conditions in the country with a number of incentives to drive the domestic economy as well as legal guarantees and business certainty for the private sector.

This legal guarantee and business certainty is also one of the obstacles to the ease of doing business in Indonesia, where based on the Ease of Doing Business (EoDB) Index issued by the World Bank, Indonesia's ranking in the world has been stuck at position 73 from 2018 to 2020.

In ASEAN alone, Indonesia's EoDB index in 2020 was recorded at only 69.6, below Vietnam (69.8), Brunei (70.1), Thailand (80.1), Malaysia (81.5), and Singapore (86, 2).

The ease of doing business ranking is a guide and benchmark for every investor who wants to invest their capital in a jurisdiction. EoDB is considered to represent an assessment of the ability of state entities to ensure easy access to markets, protection of property rights, and certainty in regulation of the business sector.

The government itself has set three indicator points in the priority program for improving the criminal and civil legal systems contained in the National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) 2020-2024. The three indicators are Indonesia's EoDB  ranking for the contract enforcement aspect, Indonesia's EoDB ranking for the bankruptcy resolution aspect, and Indonesia's EoDB ranking for the aspect of obtaining credit.

As an effort to realize improvements to the legal system, the government has also submitted a Bill concerning Amendments to Law no. 37/2004 concerning Bankruptcy and PKPU, in the National Legislation Program (Prolegnas) for the 2020-2024 period. Unfortunately, until now the amendment bill has not been discussed.

One of the factors contributing to the increase in PKPU cases in the construction sector is the very fluctuating business dynamics. Construction projects often involve large costs and long time horizons, and various issues, including regulatory changes, additional costs, and delays in projects, can disrupt cash flow and cause delays in debt payments.

The COVID-19 pandemic has also had a significant impact on the construction sector. Movement restrictions and disrupted supplies of construction materials have slowed down a number of projects, created uncertainty and resulted in an increase in PKPU cases.

To address the problem of increasing PKPU in Indonesia, the government and construction companies are trying to increase transparency, run projects more carefully, and re-evaluate their financial structures. Moreover, collaborative efforts between government, industry stakeholders, and financial institutions can help reduce PKPU risks and promote stability in the construction sector.

In facing these challenges, the construction sector in Indonesia must remain vigilant and adapt to changes in the business environment. With joint efforts, it is hoped that this sector can continue to develop and provide benefits to the Indonesian economy, while reducing the negative impact of PKPU cases.




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  • The Trend of Postponement of Debt Payment Obligations (PKPU) Cases in Q3/2023